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Turkmenistan

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On Globe

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Anthem

Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni

  • Capital Ashgabat
  • Largest cityMuscat
  • Official languages Turkmen
  • Inter-ethnic languages Russian
  • Ethnic groups
    • 85% Turkmen
    • 5% Uzbek
    • 4% Russian
    • 6% others
  • DemonymTurkmen

Independence from the Soviet Union

  • Declared27 October 1991
  • Recognized25 December 1991
  • Area491,210 km2 (52nd)
    188,456 sq mi
  • Water (%) 4.9

Population

  • 2011 estimate5,171,943 (112th)
  • Density10.5/km2 (208th)
    27.1/sq mi

GDP (PPP) – 2011 estimate

  • Total$43.359 billion
  • Per capita$7,846

GDP (nominal) – 2012 estimate

  • Total$25.742 billion
  • Per capita$4,658
  • CurrencyTurkmen new manat (TMT)
  • Time zone TMT (UTC+5)
  • Drives on the right
  • Calling code+993
  • Internet TLD.tm